SharePoint People & Groups not updating

We recently discovered a problem with user information in the “People and Groups” view of a SharePoint web application not updating. While a user’s MySite was accurately updated with a photograph, an “About me” section, and profile information, the same user in a web application People and Groups view was not updated. This updating is typically handled via the Quick Profile Synchronization timer job.

To test the problem, we tried altering a user’s photograph and “About me” text and waited an hour for the timer job to fire. Nothing changed. It appeared that the timer job did not have access to update the view, and nothing was logged to the Event or ULS logs about the problem. Here is how we fixed it:

Open Central Administration, then browse to Application Management/Content Databases and select the web application which is experiencing the problem. Ensure all of the content databases are in the “Started” state; if a database is in the “Stopped” state, the timer job will be blocked from updating the database. As you can see in the screen capture below, several of our databases were in the “Stopped” state:

The next step was to temporarily set the Quick Profile Synchronization timer job to run every 2 minutes from its default of every 59 minutes. This timer job synchronizes user information in content databases from user profile data.  Reducing this setting allowed us see that profile synchronization was working without having to wait 59 minutes for the next run.  The command to change the timing is:  stsadm -o sync -synctiming m:2

We then ran the “preparetomove” stsadm command on the database that was not being updated properly. This command temporarily stops the profile and membership synchronization service from running against the database. The syntax for this command is:

stsadm -o preparetomove -contentdb  servernameinstance:content_db_name -site http://your_site_url

After that command completes successfully, detach the database using Central Admin/Content Databases/Manage Content Database Settings. Be sure to write down the name and server location of the database.  After successfully removing the database, reattach it to the web application using the same process, but in reverse.

Once the database is attached, run the “preparetomove” command again, but with the “–undo” flag this time to undo the “preparetomove” operation:

stsadm -o preparetomove -contentdb  servernameinstance:content_db_name -undo -site http://your_site_url

After the command completes successfully, run the following stsadm command to clear all synchronization information: stsadm –o sync –deleteolddatabases 0

After that, simply wait two minutes for the timer job to fire.  Profile information should start syncing up in the People and Groups view.  Here is the view before making the change:

And here is the “after” view; note the updated photograph and “About me” entries that were successfully synchronized:

Remember to reset the Quick Profile Synchronization timer job to run at the default 59 minutes: stsadm -o sync -synctiming m:59

Debugging high CPU usage on ForeFront Security for SharePoint

A number of users were receiving a “request timeout” error message when using a SharePoint workspace:

After logging into the SharePoint web front-end, you could immediately feel the high CPU usage, as the Windows desktop felt sluggish and unresponsive.  A glance at Task Manager confirmed the high CPU usage from a w3wp process.

The event log recorded slightly more detail about the timeouts, giving each one a generic “ApplicationException” label with a message of: ” This operation returned because the timeout period expired. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x800705B4).”  Since neither of these items were particularly informative, I turned my attention to top of the stack trace from the error:

Stack trace:    at System.Threading.ReaderWriterLock.AcquireReaderLockInternal(Int32 millisecondsTimeout)
at System.Threading.ReaderWriterLock.AcquireReaderLock(Int32 millisecondsTimeout)

The ReaderWriterLock line was interesting;  a reader-writer lock allows multiple threads to read data concurrently, while any thread that needs to write must acquire an exclusive lock to write data.  And when a writer is writing data, readers will be blocked until the writer is finished writing.

This error is often associated with a deadlock on the database server.  My next step was to enable deadlock tracing on the SQL Server via the “DBCC TRACEON” query, and watch the error logs to see if any deadlocks were recorded.  After a full day of normal usage, no deadlocks were found.  I turned my attention back to the web server…

I took a dump of the W3WP process that was chewing up all the CPU cycles with the “adplus” command, and opened it in Windbg with the sosex.dll loaded. I then ran the !rwlock command to list all the ReaderWriterLock instances:

0:022> !rwlock
Address    ReaderCount   WaitingReaderCount     WriterThread   WaitingWriterCount
1437fcb0             0                    7            0x2e                     1

The command revealed that thread 46 (hex value 0x2e) owned the WriterThread, which meant no other thread could acquire a ReaderLock or WriterLock.  You can also see that seven other Reader threads and one Writer thread were queued, waiting for this lock to clear.

Digging into thread 46 provided more detail about the other threads connected to it:

0:033> !rwlock 1437fcb0
WriterThread:           0x2e
WriterLevel:            1
WaitingWriterCount:     1
WriterEvent:            1e40
WaitingWriterThreadIds: 0x5
ReaderCount:            0
CurrentReaderThreadIds: None
WaitingReaderCount:     7
ReaderEvent:            2cb8
WaitingReaderThreadIds: 0xa,0x28,0x29,0xe,0x2d,0x30,0x31

I decided to have a deeper look at thread 46, and issued the “kb” command to print its call stack:

0:046> kb
ChildEBP RetAddr  Args to Child
30aefe9c 7c822114 77e6bb08 000022e8 00000000 ntdll!KiFastSystemCallRet
30aefea0 77e6bb08 000022e8 00000000 00000000 ntdll!ZwWaitForSingleObject+0xc
30aeff10 77e6ba72 000022e8 ffffffff 00000000 kernel32!WaitForSingleObjectEx+0xac
30aeff24 36232fd0 000022e8 ffffffff 30aeff68 kernel32!WaitForSingleObject+0x12
30aeff34 36233707 ffffffff 6fde9fa0 00000000 STSWEL!VvirusCheckUploadStatus::addDocument+0xf1
30aeff68 35f9b408 00000000 00000000 30aeffb0 STSWEL!VvirusCheckUploadStatus::addDocument+0x828
30aeff78 781329bb 2c44cbe8 b4845c59 00000000 ONETUTIL!Vthread::kill+0x86
30aeffb0 78132a47 00000000 77e660b9 0663acb8 msvcr80!_endthreadex+0x3b
30aeffb8 77e660b9 0663acb8 00000000 00000000 msvcr80!_endthreadex+0xc7
30aeffec 00000000 781329e1 0663acb8 00000000 kernel32!BaseThreadStart+0x34

Note the presence of the “virusCheckUploadStatus::addDocument” method.  By its name, I guessed that this might be related to the ForeFront Server Security functionality that scans documents on upload to SharePoint. I decided to have a look at thread 48 (hex value 0x30), which was listed as a WaitingReader thread:

48  Id: 2d4.1e90 Suspend: 1 Teb: 7ff0d000 Unfrozen
ChildEBP RetAddr  Args to Child
312efe9c 7c822114 77e6bb08 00002254 00000000 ntdll!KiFastSystemCallRet
312efea0 77e6bb08 00002254 00000000 00000000 ntdll!ZwWaitForSingleObject+0xc
312eff10 77e6ba72 00002254 ffffffff 00000000 kernel32!WaitForSingleObjectEx+0xac
312eff24 36232fd0 00002254 ffffffff 312eff68 kernel32!WaitForSingleObject+0x12
312eff34 36233707 ffffffff 6e5e9fa0 00000000 STSWEL!VvirusCheckUploadStatus::addDocument+0xf1
312eff68 35f9b408 00000000 00000000 312effb0 STSWEL!VvirusCheckUploadStatus::addDocument+0x828
312eff78 781329bb 2c44d0b8 b5045c59 00000000 ONETUTIL!Vthread::kill+0x86
312effb0 78132a47 00000000 77e660b9 0663acb8 msvcr80!_endthreadex+0x3b
312effb8 77e660b9 0663acb8 00000000 00000000 msvcr80!_endthreadex+0xc7
312effec 00000000 781329e1 0663acb8 00000000 kernel32!BaseThreadStart+0x34

As you can see, it also had the “virusCheckUploadStatus::addDocument” method in its stack.  The other waiting threads looked the same. Based on this data, I decided to disable upload scanning in SharePoint, and see if it impacted CPU usage:

It did! Over the course of the next few business days, CPU usage returned to normal levels and subsequent memory dumps of the w3wp process revealed no ReaderWriter locks.  However, since scanning documents on upload is the primary reason we use ForeFront, we had to figure out what was causing the problem.  We dug into the SecurityAdministrator console, and reviewed the “Report” section.  There we found ForeFront having repeated problems with quarantine of documents containing the “MSWord/Dropper.B!Camelot” virus.

We disabled quarantine of files for the Realtime Scan Job, which is a Microsoft recommended best practice.  This allowed us to re-enable upload document scanning while avoiding the high CPU problem.

Web application proxy settings in WSS

Setting the proxy settings for a web application in MOSS is very straightforward, as an existing <defaultProxy> element exists in a default web.config file.  Simply browse for the XML tag and make your edits as needed.

Its a bit different with Windows SharePoint Services (WSS).  The default web.config file does not have an entry for <defaultProxy> and adding it in the wrong place can get you an unwelcome YSOD.  The trick is to add  the proxy block after the </system.web> closing element, like this:

<proxy autoDetect=”false” />

Save the file and your web application will restart, picking up your new proxy settings.

Sharepoint database error: "Unexpected query execution failure, error code 266"

I recently discovered our SharePoint 2007 ULS log had multiple instances of this error:

“Unexpected query execution failure, error code 266. Additional error information from SQL Server is included below. “Transaction count after EXECUTE indicates that a COMMIT or ROLLBACK TRANSACTION statement is missing.”

After reviewing several iterations of this error, a pattern stood out; the names of several PDF documents were intertwined with the error message itself.  This error seemed confined to a single content type (PDF) as other document types such as XLS were not mentioned. This was a clue, given that PDF files are not indexed by default in SharePoint, but require extra configuration. I turned my attention to the Search service.

As this was a WSS server, I opened regedit and navigated to the registry key for the  .PDF iFilter:  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftShared ToolsWeb Server Extensions12.0SearchSetupContentIndexCommonFiltersExtension

The value of this registry key was {4C904448-74A9-11D0-AF6E-00C04FD8DC02}, which is the GUID for Adobe PDF IFilter 6.  Since we only had the Adobe 9.x version installed, I changed this value to the GUID for the 9.x iFilter:  {E8978DA6-047F-4E3D-9C78-CDBE46041603}.  I then stopped the search service with the “net stop spsearch” command, and restarted it with “net start spsearch” to ensure the registry change was picked up.

After this change, the error disappeared from the ULS log, and the 9.x iFilter was able to successfully index the PDF content.

Find the guids of your sharepoint databases

A great deal of SharePoint logging refers to the GUID of a database, rather than the database name. I have found it handy to have a quick-reference guide to the GUID of each database. You can obtain this with a simple SQL query against your configuration database:

use <sharepoint_config>
Select ID, Name from objects where properties like

Your results will look like this:
SharePoint database guids

Delete the SharePoint SSP

Delete any web applications related to the SSP first, then issue this command line:
stsadm -o deletessp -title SharedServices1 -deletedatabases

SharePoint is mostly unmanaged code!

From Hristo Pavlov’s Blog

“Almost all read/write content/metadata operations that you do using the .NET SharePoint object model use unmanaged class to do the job. This unmanaged class is called SP.SPRequest and is used from .NET via the SPRequest internal class. The class is implemented and exposed by the OWSSRV.DLL library and has almost 400 methods. Because the SPSite and SPWeb objects have a reference to unmanaged objects you must keep the number of SPSite/SPWeb objects that are active at the same time to a minimum and should dispose them as soon as you have finished using them. You can monitor the creation and disposal of SPRequest objects via the ULS log/”

Location of the SharePoint Index File

Drive Letter:Program FilesMicrosoft Office Servers12.0DataOffice ServerApplicationsGuidProjectsPortal_ContentIndexer

E:Program FilesMicrosoft Office Servers12.0DataApplications6fdca65d-06ea-4642-ad5c-727c4438de0dProjectsSearch

This folder contains .bsd, .bsi, .ci, .cix, .csd, .csi, .dia, .dir, .lex, .wid, and .wsb file types.

Use it to obtain the ‘size’ of your index.

The only difference between web.config files on multiple WFE servers.

…is the name of the policyFile located in the C:Program FilesCommon FilesMicrosoft SharedWeb Server Extensions12config directory.

The individual wss_custom_wss_minimaltrust_GUID.config files will have different ending GUIDs, like this: